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Pernambuco Carnival: personalities

Personalities from memory of Pernambuco carnival.

Pernambuco Carnival: personalities

Article available in: PT-BR

Last update: 03/03/2023

By: Claudia M. de Assis Rocha Lima - Researcher at the Joaquim Nabuco Foundation - PhD in Sciences of Religion

NELSON FERREIRA - Composer and conductor, he was born in Bonito-PE., on 12/09/1902 and died on 12/21/1976, in Recife. He began to play as a professional in 1917, and in 1921 composed the march Borboleta não é ave, which marked the beginning of his career as a composer. His career as a carnival icon began with the frevo Não puxa, Maroca, with Samuel Campelo. He arranged many orchestras among which the Orquestra de Frevo Nelson Ferreira. He composed many frevos, among them: Veneza Americana, Quarta-feira Ingrata, Sabe lá o que é isso?, Evocação. The latter was so successful that lead to the Evocação series, in seven LPs. Throughout his life he received many awards for his contribution to Brazilian music.

ANTONIO MARIA ARAÚJO DE MORAES – he was born in Recife in 1921 and died in 1964. He was a chronicler, poet, and lyricist. He began his artistic life at Rádio Clube de Pernambuco. He was a partner, among many, of Vinícius de Moraes and Luís Bonfá. Antonio Maria is author of many hits of popular music: Ninguém me ama; O amor e a rosa; Manhã de Carnaval; Frevos n° 1, 2 e 3 do Recife, etc.

JOÃO SANTIAGO DOS REIS – he was born in Recife in 1928 and died in 1985. Composer and researcher of the Carnival of Pernambuco, he was the founder of the Pernambuco Section of the Order of the Musicians of Brazil and the Pernambuco Folklore Commission. Composer of more than 50 marches of blocos [street band] and frevos, participated in several Carnival associations, among which Batutas de São José, Inocentes do Rosarinho, and Flor da Lira.

MÚCIO CATÃO - Makeup artist, he was born in Rio Grande do Norte on 03/19/1923 and died on his birthday, in 1985. He received more than 30 awards on the catwalks of the Carnival balls of the clubes Internacional and Português, among many. Founder of the Recife Costume Contests, he was considered hors-concurs among all their competitors. Holder of a great sensitivity, he had the simplicity of a great artist in his carnival creations, always using low-cost materials and a powerful dosage of creativity. His striking feature was the characterization of historical characters, such as Gandhi and Santos Dumont.

VALDEMAR DE OLIVEIRA - Doctor, lawyer, teacher, composer, pianist, conductor, musicologist, he was born on 05/02/1900 and died on 04/18/1977. He began composing in 1925 and composed carnival songs under the pseudonym José Capibaribe.

VALENÇA BROTHERS - João Vítor do Rego Valença and Raul do Rego Valença were born in 1890 and 1894, respectively. The Valença family cultivated the tradition of representing the Christmas crib. The Valença brothers, as they became known, published about thirty works, besides other unpublished works. In 1924, they formed a theatrical society with cousins and friends, the Grêmio Familiar Madalenense. In 1930, they composed their first carnival song, the march Mulata, to which, two years later, Lamartine Babo introduced some modifications, mainly in the lyrics, turning it into Teu cabelo não nega. They were three times champions of the Recife Carnival, with the maracatu Ô, já vou; the marches Nós Dois and Foi Você. Other compositions: Um sonho que durou três dias, Pisa baiana, Cocorocó, creating marches and frevos for the clubes Lenhadores e Vassourinhas.

DONA SANTA - Maria Júlia do Nascimento was born on 03/24/1877, in the Pátio da Santa Cruz, in Boa Vista. She began as the Queen of the Maracatu da Nação Leão Coroado, where she married João Vitorino. When her husband was chosen as King of the Nação Elefante, she abdicated her throne to follow him. She was crowned only on 02/27/1947. Daughter and granddaughter of Africans, Dona Santa had the rhythm of the baque-virado, zabumba, and gonguê in her blood.

BADIA - Maria de Lourdes Silva was born in 1915 and died in 1991. Granddaughter of Africans, she was born on Rua Augusta, in the neighborhood of São José and moved, as a child, to the house of Pátio do Terço, turning it into her headquarters of carnival revelries and her religion. The association Clube Carnavalesco as Coroas de São José was founded in her house, in 1977, which presents on the Thursday of the pre-Carnival week, continuing the tradition. Politicians, journalists, lawyers, revelers, and carnivalesques frequented her home. She was honored by numerous associations: Vassourinhas/1986; Lenhadores/1990; Bloco Saberé/1986; among others. The first lady of the Pátio do Terço Carnival, received a great tribute as a carnivalesque in the Carnival of 1985, when the City Council of Recife consecrated her as the theme: Carnaval Badia - 1985.



Recife, March 31, 2010. 

how to quote this text

Lima, Cláudia M. de Assis Rocha. Pernambuco Carnival: personalities In: Pesquisa Escolar. Recife: Fundação Joaquim Nabuco, 2010. Available at: Access on: month day year. (Ex.: Aug. 6, 2020.)