Frei Caneca (Friar Caneca) Sugarcane Factory
Last update: 26/09/2013
Initially called Colônia Izabel (Izabel Colony), the Frei Caneca sugarcane factory was founded in 1886 by the Pernambuco State Government in the municipality of Maraial.
From 1904 to 1914 it was leased to Leopoldo Lins, until he founded the Rio Una (Una River) sugarcane factory. Then it was leased once more to the senator Fábio da Silveira Barros who, in 1927, bought it in a public auction.
In 1929 it had 16 fields, 27 km of railways, 4 locomotives and 45 wagons. It had the capacity to process 220 tonnes of sugarcane and produce 1,800 litres of ethanol in 22 hours. 200 workers were employed at the factory. The transportation of sugarcane and firewood was by its own railway and the manufactured goods were transported to Recife by the Great Western line.
After the death of Senator Fábio da Silveira a directory was formed, composed of his heirs, to run the company, keeping the factory under the ownership of the family to this day.
Despite being located in the most rugged area of Pernambuco, making the labour very onerous, due to the good administration of its directors the factory has had more than one hundred years of uninterrupted production.
Recife, 7 August 2003.
(Updated on 9 September 2009).
Translated by Peter Leamy, January 2012
ANDRADE, Manuel Correia de. História das usinas de açúcar de Pernambuco. Recife: FJN. Ed. Massangana, 1989. 114 p. (República, v.1)
GONÇALVES & SILVA, O assucar e o algodão em Pernambuco. Recife: [s.n.], 1929. 90 p.
MOURA, Severino. Senhores de engenho e usineiros, a nobreza de Pernambuco. Recife: Fiam, CEHM, Sindaçúcar, 1998. 320 p. (Tempo municipal, 17).
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Source: GASPAR, Lúcia. Frei Caneca (Friar Caneca) Sugarcane Factory. Pesquisa Escolar Online, Joaquim Nabuco Foudation, Recife. Available at: <https://pesquisaescolar.fundaj.gov.br/en/>. Accessed: day month year. Exemple: 6 Aug. 2009