Brasília Teimosa ( "Stubborn Brasília") Neighbourhood, Recife, PE
Last update: 23/09/2015
Situated in the south of Recife, between the neighbourhoods of Pina, Boa Viagem and the area of the Port of Recife, characterised by a continuous line of reefs parallel to the coast and very close to the beach, Brasília Teimosa (‘Stubborn Brasilia’) arose from the occupation of an area called ‘Areal Novo’ (New Areal).
The site was intended to house the Flammables area of the Recife Port, which never happened. The land was disputed and eventually invaded.
This community has always been marked by an intense struggle in the defence of their wishes, managing to remain in a valuable place that attracts interest from powerful political and economic groups.
In January 1956, five fishermen arrived in Rio de Janeiro from Recife in a small raft, to watch the inauguration of President Kubitschek and denounce the situation of the community that lived under the threat of expulsion from the occupied site. The name “Stubborn Brasilia”is a tribute to the city of Brasilia and the perseverance of the inhabitants of the neighbourhood to never leave the area, having resisted even two mysterious fires.
Through the Promoradia program, it became one of the first sites to be urbanized, with funds from the former National Housing Bank (BNH). The urban design proposal was developed by its residents, which was comprised of the project known as Teimosinho (“Little Stubborn”).
The project included the removal of existing dwellings built over the water on stilts (achieved when the familieswere relocated to the village of Prata, in 1982), as well as the urbanization of the shoreline, with the implementation of community facilities, which did not happen, leaving the area prone to new invasion.
A second removal in 1986 moved some families to a glebe in Vila Moacir Gomes, conceded by Portobrás to the Recife City Council. Again the area was not urbanized, resulting in another occupation. In 1989, the families of new stilt-dwellings that emerged were removed to Vila Teimosinho, repeating the invasion issue.
A new urban project for the neighbourhood, involving the Recife City Council and the federal government, includes not only urban but also environmental, economic, social and cultural actions. This action plan was put into effect from January 2004. The stilt-dwellings were removed and residents allocated in a housing complex in Cordeiro.
The history of the neighbourhood, the oldest urban invasion of Recife, was told by its residents in a small book, funded by the Ministry of Education and Culture, published in 1986 under the title Brasília Teimosa.
According to the IBGE census, Brasília Teimosa had 19,155 inhabitants in 2000, with an area of 65.4 hectares, representing a density of 292.88 inhabitants / ha.
Recife, 15 septempber 2006.
(Updated on 29 november 2011).
Translated by Peter Leamy, January 2012.
BRASÍLIA Teimosa. Disponível em: <http://www.recife.pe.gov.br/especiais/recifesempalafitas/brasilia.php>. Acesso em: 12 set. 2006.
CRESCIMENTO sem equilíbrio no Recife. Jornal do Commercio, Recife, 17 nov. 2011. Cidades, Censo 2010, p. 4.
RABELO, Evandro. Brasília Teimosa. Edição Extra, Recife, ano 1, n. 2, p. 10, 17 ago. 1968.
SCHULER, Carlos Alberto et al. Evolução espaço-temporal da ZEIS Brasília Teimosa – Recife, PE: avaliação por fotointerpretação e verdade terrestre. Disponível em: <http://geodesis.ufsc.br/Geodesia-online/arquivo/cobrac_2004/055.pdf#search=%22brasilia%20teimosa%22>. Acesso em: 12 set. 2006.
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Source: GASPAR, Lúcia. Brasília Teimosa. Pesquisa Escolar Online, Joaquim Nabuco Foudation, Recife. Available at: <http://basilio.fundaj.gov.br/pesquisaescolar/>. Accessed: day month year. Exemple: 6 Aug. 2009.