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Radio Clube de Pernambuco: the first radio station in Brazil

Popular culture found greater space on the radio in the late 1920s when the works of local artists began to be disseminated, gaining popularity with the evolution of national and world radio.

Radio Clube de Pernambuco: the first radio station in Brazil

Article available in: PT-BR ESP

Last update: 24/05/2022

By: Cláudia Verardi - Librarian at Fundação Joaquim Nabuco - PhD in Librarianship and Documentation

The initial goal of the creation of the radio: that of a means of mass communication.
 
Popular culture found more space on the radio in the late 1920s when the works of local artists began to be disseminated, gaining popularity with the evolution of national and world radio.
 
The emergence of radio stations consolidated music as an industrial product of entertainment and consumption. In this sense, popular music benefited from the radio to be known and disseminated and, in turn, the radio, through popular music, established itself commercially, as it attracted sponsors due to the large number of listeners it reached. At that time, therefore, the production of records by local artists began to be intensified.  
 
With the emergence and growth of the sale of valve amplifiers in the 1930s, the so-called “Radio Age” began.
 
Radio has become a strong tool for dissemination and entertainment, being one of the main responsible for leisure and popular fun.
 
The hiring in 1931 of composer and pianist Nelson Ferreira, who was an experienced musician who worked in movie theaters and night cafes in Recife, was a milestone in the history of Radio Clube de Pernambuco. In this scenario other important names arise, such as Capiba, a musician, pianist and composer who, in 1934, consolidated himself as an author when he won a dispute of carnival songs with the frevo-song “É de amargar”.
 
The composers Nelson Ferreira and Capiba were perhaps the greatest exponents  of Pernambuco popular music through radio in the first half of the twentieth century. They contributed through their songs, mediated by radio, to the consolidation and dissemination of frevo. (SALDANHA; CARRASCO, 2006, p. 160).
 
Many renowned artists in Brazil and often even abroad began their careers at Radio Clube de Pernambuco, such as Severino Dias de Oliveira, the “Sivuca“, a accordion player from Itabaiana, in the interior of Paraíba, famous worldwide as an accordionist. Another example is Abelardo Barbosa, “Chacrinha“, born in the city of Surubim, Pernambuco,  who began his artistic career as a broadcaster in 1935, at the age of 18, at Rádio Clube de Pernambuco.
 
Radio emerged as a means of mass communication and became a  powerful cultural instrument with the ability to reproduce popular tastes and feelings. Radio Clube de Pernambuco, which had its peak between the 1920s and 1950s, in addition to being synonymous with progress, undoubtedly exerted great social and cultural influence not only in the Northeast, but also in the rest of the country, carrying news, disseminating events and revealing numerous talents.
 
 


Recife, February 13, 2020.

 

sources consulted

ALCIDES, Jota. PRA-8 - O Rádio no Brasil. Brasília: Fatorama, 1997.

FERRARETTO, Luiz Artur. De 1919 a 1923, os primeiros momentos do rádio no Brasil. Revista Brasileira de História da Mídia (RBHM), v. 3, n. 1, jan./jun. 2014. Disponível em: https://revistas.ufpi.br/index.php/rbhm/article/view/3961/2299. Acesso em: 12 fev. 2020.

PHAELANTE, Renato. Fragmentos da História do Rádio Clube de Pernambuco. 2 ed. Recife: CEPE, 1998.

RÁDIO CLUBE DE PERNAMBUCO. [Foto neste texto - Acervo do IBGE]. Disponível em: http://revista.algomais.com/cultura/6-fotos-das-radios-de-pernambuco-antigamente. Acesso em: 14 fev. 2020.

SALDANHA, Leonardo Vilaça;  CARRASCO, Claudiney Rodrigues. O advento da música popular urbana do Recife no rádio e os seus desdobramentos na PRA-8. In: XVI Congresso da Associação Nacional de Pesquisa e Pós-graduação em Música (ANPPOM). Anais [...]. Brasília, 2006. Disponível em: http://antigo.anppom.com.br/anais/anaiscongresso_anppom_2006/CDROM/COM/02_Com_Etno/sessao01/02COM_Etno_0103-143.pdf. Acesso em: 22 jan. 2020.

TAPARELLI, Carlos Henrique Antunes. A evolução tecnológica do rádio. Revista USP, São Paulo, n. 56, p.16-21, dez./fevereiro, 2002-2003.

 

how to quote this text

VERARDI, Cláudia Albuquerque.Radio Clube de Pernambuco: the first radio station in Brazil. In: PESQUISA Escolar. Recife: Fundação Joaquim Nabuco, 2003. Available from: https://pesquisaescolar.fundaj.gov.br/pt-br/artigo/radio-clube-de-pernambuco-primeira-emissora-de-radio-do-brasil/. Access on: Month. day, year. (Ex.: Aug. 6, 2009).