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Pumaty Sugarcane Factory

In 1916, the factory was rebuilt and its owners, the descendants of José Alves - João Davi Madeira and João Oliveira, changed its name to Usina Rio Preto (Black River Sugarcane Factory). Only in 1920 did the name become Usina Pumaty.
 

Pumaty Sugarcane Factory

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Last update: 05/02/2013

By: Lúcia Gaspar - Librarian of the Fundação Joaquim Nabuco

Located in the municipality of Palmares (Joaquim Nabuco), it was founded between 1888 and 1889 with the name Usina Central Bom Gosto (Central Good Taste Sugarcane Factory) by the sugar baron José Alves da Silva, on the site of the old central sugarcane plantation of the same name.I

In 1916, the factory was rebuilt and its owners, the descendants of José Alves - João Davi Madeira and João Oliveira, changed its name to Usina Rio Preto (Black River Sugarcane Factory). Only in 1920 did the name become Usina Pumaty.

For some time it belonged to Englishmen, but in 1922 it was already owned by Manoel José da Costa Filho, from Barbalha, Ceará, who together with his brothers founded the firm Comissária Granvile Etc. Irmãos (Brothers Granvile Etc. Commissary), businessmen in sugar and factories.

Its first milling as Pumaty Factory was in the harvest of 1921 to 1922.

In 1929, it belonged to the firm Tancredo, Costa & Co., possessing four fields (Pumaty, Bom Gosto [Good Taste], Solidão [Loneliness] and Colombo), four kilometres of railway, a locomotive and 30 wagons. It had the capacity to work 300 tonnes of sugarcane and produce 2,000 litres of ethanol in 22 hours.

During the milling period around 150 workers were employed at the factory, with minors, foreigners and women unaccepted.

In 1937, the factory installed a bread flour mill, though due to a lack of market and excess in production it was deactivated, worsening the factory’s financial situation.

Its proprietors Romero, Marcelo and Túlio Cabral da Costa, however, were able to turn the factory into one of the largest in the region, also constructing a large-capacity distillery.

It was one of the first to adopt the application of limestone and vinasse as fertiliser and invest a lot in the production of new varieties of sugarcane.

The 1994-1995 harvest produced 1,500,000 sacks of sugar and 30,000 litres of ethanol.

The direction of the factory is in the charge of sons and nephews of Messrs Romero, Marcelo and Túlio Cabral da Costa.

Recife, 7 August 2003.
(Updated on 9 September 2009).
Translated by Peter Leamy, January 2012.

sources consulted

ANDRADE, Manuel Correia de. História das usinas de açúcar de Pernambuco. Recife: FJN. Ed. Massangana, 1989. 114 p. (República, v.1)

GONÇALVES & SILVA. O assucar e o algodão em Pernambuco. Recife: [s.n.], 1929. 90 p.

MOURA, Severino. Senhores de engenho e usineiros, a nobreza de Pernambuco. Recife: Fiam, CEHM, Sindaçúcar, 1998. 320 p. (Tempo municipal, 17).

how to quote this text

Source: GASPAR, Lúcia. Pumaty Sugarcane Factory. Pesquisa Escolar Online, Joaquim Nabuco Foudation, Recife. Available at:  <https://pesquisaescolar.fundaj.gov.br/en/>. Accessed: day month year. Exemple: 6 Aug. 2009