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Brazil, regions and population (2010 Census)

The demographic censuses carried out in Brazil and in the world constitute essential reference sources for the planning of public policies.

Brazil, regions and population (2010 Census)

Article available in: PT-BR ESP

Last update: 10/06/2022

By: Virgina Barbosa - Librarian at Fundação Joaquim Nabuco - Specialist in Librarianship and History

The demographic censuses conducted in Brazil and worldwide are essential reference sources for the planning of public policies.


Before 1750 in Brazil, the information about the population did not have the purpose of counting the number of inhabitants: it was only data that the Portuguese Monarchy requested, such as reports from ecclesiastical authorities, colonial officials and churchgoers. In addition, there were the population estimates provided by the ombudsmen to the General Stewardship of Police. From 1750 on, the population survey began to have military objectives: to know who could be called, among the free and adult inhabitants to defend the colony.

 

In 1846, Brazil’s first census regulation was elaborated, which defined the periodicity of the census in an eight-year interval. However, the first census planned for 1852 was not carried out.

 

A new census regulation was established in 1870 and it was determined that the population count would take place every ten years covering the entire national territory. In 1871 the General Directory of Statistics was created and, one year later, the first census of Brazil was carried out, called Census of the Population of the Empire of Brazil. After this year, censuses took place in the years 1890, 1900, 1920, 1940-2010. The censuses of 1910 and 1930 were not carried out.

 

The General Directorate of Statistics was abolished and, in 1934, the National Institute of Statistics (INE) was created, which in 1936 was replaced by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), whose mission is to portray Brazil with information necessary for the knowledge of its reality and the exercise of citizenship.

 

According to IBGE, the population evolution numbers for Brazil are:

 

Year   Inhabitants
1872   9,930,478
1890   14,333,915
1900   17,438,434
1920   30,635,605
1940   41,236,315
1950   51,944,397
1960   70,070,457
1970   93,139,037
1980   119,002,706
1991   146,825,475
2000   166,112,500
2010   190,755,799

 

Next, information from the 2010 Census (Brazil and its states by regions) is presented.

 

BRAZIL:

 

Capital: Brasília
Population: 190,755,799 habitantes
Area (Km2): 8,502,728.269 Km2
States: 27
Municipalities: 5,565

 

Regiões:

NORDESTE:

STATE CAPITAL POPULA
TION
AREA (Km2) DEMOGRA
PHIC DENSITY (inhabitants/km2)   
NUMBER OF MUNICIPA-LITIES
Alagoas (AL) Maceió 3,120,494 27,779.343 112.33 102
Bahia (BA) Salvador 14,016.906 564,830.859 24.82 417
Ceará (CE) Fortaleza 8,452,381 148,920.538 56.76 184
Maranhão (MA) São Luís 6,574,789 331,935.507 19.81 217
Pernambuco (PE) Recife 8,796,448 98,146.315 89.63 185
Piauí (PI) Teresina 3,118,360 251,576.644 12.40 224
Paraíba (PB) João Pessoa 3,766,528 56,469.466 66.70 223
Rio Grande do Norte (RN) Natal 3,168,027 52,810.699 59.99 167
Sergipe (SE) Aracaju 2,068,017 21,918.354 94.35 75

 

NORTH:

STATE CAPITAL POPULA
TION
AREA (Km2) DEMOGRA
PHIC DENSITY (inhabitants/km2)   
NUMBER OF MUNICIPA
LITIES
Acre (AC) Rio Branco 733,559 164,122.280 4.47 22
Amazonas (AM) Manaus 3,483,985 1,559,161.682 2.23 62
Amapá (AP) Macapá 669,526 142,827.897 4.69 16
Pará (PA) Belém 7,581,051 1,247,950.003 6.07 143
Rondônia (RO) Porto Velho 1,562,409 237,590.864 6.58 52
Roraima (RR) Boa Vista 450,479 224,301.040 2.01 15
Tocantins (TO) Palmas 1,383,445 277,621.858 4.98 139

 

MIDWEST:

STATE CAPITAL POPULA
TION
AREA (Km2) DEMOGRA
PHIC DENSITY (inhabitants/km2)
NUMBER OF MUNICIPA
LITIES
Distrito Federal (DF) Brasília 2,570,160 5,787.784 444.07 1
Goiás (GO) Goiânia 6,003,788 340,103.467 17.65 246
Mato Grosso do Sul (MS) Campo Grande 2,449,024 357,145.836 6.86 78
Mato Grosso (MT) Cuiabá 3,035,122 903,329.700 3.36 141

 

SOUTHEAST:

STATE CAPITAL POPULA
TION
AREA (Km2) DEMOGRA
PHIC DENSITY (inhabitants/km2)   
NUMBER OF MUNICIPA
LITIES
Espírito Santo (ES) Vitória 3,514,952 46,098.571 76.25 78
Minas Gerais (MG) Belo Horizonte 3,514,952 586,520.368 33.41 853
Rio de Janeiro (RJ) Rio de Janeiro 3,514,952 43,780.157 365.23 92
São Paulo (SP) São Paulo 3,514,952 248,196.960 166.25 645

 

SOUTH:

STATE CAPITAL POPULA
TION
AREA (Km2) DEMOGRA
PHIC DENSITY (inhabitants/km2)
NUMBER OF MUNICIPA
LITIES
Paraná (PR) Curitiba 10,444,526 199,316.694 52.40 399
Rio Grande do Sul (RS) Porto Alegre 10,693,929 268,781.896 39.79 496
Santa Catarina (SC) Florianó
polis   
6,248,436 95,703.487 65.29 293

 

sources consulted

ANTES e depois do primeiro censo. Vou te Contar: revista do Censo 2000. Rio de Janeiro, n. 1, p. 5, mar. 2000. Disponível em:
<http://www.ibge.gov.br/censo/revista1.pdf>. Acesso em: 25 nov. 2011.

DADOS históricos dos Censos. Disponível em:
<http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica
/populacao/censohistorico/default.shtm
>. Acesso em: 25 nov. 2011.

IBGE. Estados@. Disponível em:
<http://www.ibge.gov.br/estadosat/>. Acesso em: 25 nov. 2011.

IBGE-PAÍSES. Disponível em:
<http://www.ibge.gov.br/paisesat/main.php>. Acesso em: 25 nov. 2011.

IBGE. Histórico. Disponível em:
<http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/disseminacao
/eventos/missao/instituicao.shtm
>. Acesso em: 25 nov. 2011.

how to quote this text

BARBOSA, Virgínia (Org. e compilação). Brazil, regions and population (2010 Census). In: PESQUISA Escolar. Recife: Fundação Joaquim Nabuco, 2011. Available from: https://pesquisaescolar.fundaj.gov.br/pt-br/artigo/brasil-regioes-populacao-censo-2010/. Access on: Month. day, year. (Ex.: Aug. 6, 2021.)