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Anísio Teixeira

Date Born.:

Inspector general of education, Teacher, Director general, Secretary of education


Anísio Teixeira

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Last update: 23/09/2015

By: Anísio Teixeira - N/I


Anísio Spínola Teixeira is born in Caetité, in the backlands of Bahia, on July 12, to Deocleciano Pires Teixeira and Ánna Spínola Teixeira.

Enrolled at the São Luiz Gonzaga Institute, the Jesuit college in Caetité, starting high school.

Transferred to the Antônio Vieira College, also Jesuit, in Salvador.

Graduates as a Bachelor of Law from the Faculty of Law, University of Rio de Janeiro.

Appointed on April 9 to the post of inspector-general of education in Bahia, at the invitation of Governor Francisco Marques de Góes Calmon.

Travels to Europe, on an observational and educational trip to France and Belgium, accompanied by the Archbishop-Primate of Bahia, Dom Augusto Álvaro da Silva.

Travels to the United States for studies on school organisation and comes into contact with the ideas of philosopher John Dewey.

Resigns from the post of inspector-general of education for incompatibility with the new governor of Bahia, Vital Henrique Batista Soares. He is appointed professor at the Escola Normal (Normal School) of Salvador to teach philosophy and history of education. Travels back to the United States. Publishes Aspectos americanos da educação (Aspects of American Education), in reviewing the functioning of American educational institutions and the ideas of John Dewey.

Graduates as Master of Arts after attending the Teachers College at Columbia University on a ten-month scholarship and returns to Brazil.

Establishes new programs for the disciplines of primary and fundamental schools of Bahia. Begins to teach Philosophy of Education at the National School of Educationin Salvador. Writes the article Por que Escola Nova? (Why the New School?).On the political scene, the October 3rd revolution breaks out in Rio Grande do Sul, Minas Gerais and the Northeast states. On 24 October, Washington Luísi s deposed from the presidency, and on 3 November, Vargas is sworn in as head of the Provisional Government.

At the invitation of Pedro Ernesto Batista, then-interventor in the Federal District, he is appointed General Director of Public Instruction in Rio de Janeiro. Integrates a committee of the Ministry of Education and Health, created by the new government, which is responsible for the study for the reorganisation of national secondary education.

In March, creates the Institute of Educationin Rio de Janeiro, integrating the former Normal School with kindergarten, primary and secondary courses into one establishment. Becomes Professor of Philosophy of Education at the Institute and assumes the presidency of the Brazilian Association of Education. He isone of the signatories of the Manifesto of the Pioneers of the New Education. Publishes Educação progressiva: uma introdução à filosofia da educação (Progressive Education: an introduction to philosophy of education). He marries Emilia Telles Ferreira, with whom he will have four children.

Appointed director of the newly-created Department of Education of the Federal District.

Publishes Em marcha para a democracia (Marching to Democracy).

Appointed Secretary-General for Education and Culture of the federal capital, is responsible for creating the University of the Federal District. After the communist uprising of November and the arrest of Mayor Pedro Ernesto, he is stripped of his duties on 1 December, on charges of involvement with the National Liberation Alliance (ANL).

Publishes Educação para a democracia: introdução à administração escolar (Education for Democracy: an introduction to the school administration).

During the dictatorship of the ‘Estado Novo’ (New State), he departs from educational activities. He is dedicated to the exploration and export of manganese, limestone and cement, car sales and the translation of books for the Companhia Editora Nacional(National Publishing Company).

University of the Federal District closed down.

On 2 December, elections are held for the presidency of Republic and for the National Constituent Assembly.

Leaves Bahia to become director of higher education of the newly established UNESCO, the United Nations agency focused on education, science and culture, and goes to reside initially in London and then in Paris.

Assumes the Department of Education and Health of Bahia, in the government of Otávio Mangabeira.

Inaugurated in October, according to his owndesign, the Centro Educacional Carneiro (Carneiro Educational Centre), known as Escola Parque(Park School), in the working-class neighbourhood of Liberdade in Salvador.

Appointed Secretary General of the National Campaign for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES), founded on July 11. Director, National Institute of Pedagogical Studies (INEP).

As director of INEP, creates the Brazilian Centre for Educational Research.

Publishes A educação e a crise brasileira (Education and the Brazilian Crisis).

Publishes Educação não é privilégio (Education is not a Privilege).

Participates in the discussion of the Law of Guidelines and Bases of National Education. Establishmentof the University of Brasilia (UNB), a project of which he was a creator.

Appointed member of the Federal Council of Education.

Holds the presidency of the National Primary Education Commission. Works as interim rector of the University of Brasilia (UNB), replacing Darcy Ribeiro.

After the overthrow of President João Goulart in a military coup on March 31, is included in the proceedings for the determination of administrative irregularities at UNB. Compulsorily retired, travels to the United States at the invitation of Columbia University to join its faculty as a visiting scholar.

He is invited to teach at New York University.

He teaches at the University of California. Returns to Brazil and became a consultant for the Getúlio Vargas Foundation.

Publishes Educação é um direito(Education is a Right).

Publishes Educação no Brasil (Education in Brazil) and Educação e o mundo moderno (Education and the Modern World)

Receives the title of emeritus professor at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro.

On March 11, turns up dead in the elevator shaft of the building where his friend, Aurelio Buarque de Holanda, lived in Rio de Janeiro, whom he was visiting to get support for his candidacy for the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

Translated by Peter Leamy, February 2012.

sources consulted

ANÍSIO Teixeira. [Photo this text]. Available at: <>. Accessed: 6 jul. 2012

how to quote this text

Fonte: ANÍSIO Teixeira. Pesquisa Escolar On-line, Fundação Joaquim Nabuco, Recife. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: dia  mês ano. Ex: 6 ago. 2009.