It was founded on 26 January 1901, by Joaquim Maria Carneiro Vilela and a group of writers based in Recife, with the objective of "promoting the defense of cultural values in the State, especially in the field of literature".
It is a civil institution, of public service and it was the third academy of arts and letters founded in Brazil. The first was in Ceará, created in 1894, three years before the Brazilian Academy of Arts and Letters (1897).
In the beginning, the meetings of APL were conducted in rooms of the Archeological, Historical and Geographic Institute of Pernambuco. In 1966, it started working in its own headquarters, a mansion on Av. Rui Barbosa, n. 1596, which belonged to Barão Rodrigues Mendes, João José Rodrigues Mendes a portuguese trader. The Government of the State of Pernambuco, at the time of the then governor Paulo Guerra, expropriated the building, donating it to the Academy, through the Decree n.1.184, from 14 January 1966 The Academy’s headquarters building is known as the Carneiro Vilella House.
The furniture and the works of art were donated, most of them, by the society of Pernambuco, including donations from the archbishop Dom Helder Câmara.
In 1911, the number of academians increased from twenty to thirty and, in 1960, to forty chairs, by suggestion of the academian Mauro Mota. Today it is made up of forty members, and it may have the same number of corresponding members, living in other States or abroad.
The Academians do not wear a uniform, as the one from the Brazilian Academy of Arts and Letters. The uniform was replaced by a golden collar, with a distinctive medal.
The APL has a library, an auditorium and it issues the Magazine of the Academia Pernambucana de Letras, which despite having an irregular frequency, has been published since 1901. It promotes and stimulates initiatives of cultural character, it grants literary awards, medals, trophies and honorific titles, it conducts courses, meetings and symposiums destined to the study, research and discussions about literature, especially that from Pernambuco.
Recife, 13 June 2003.
Updated on 20 August 2009.
CENTENÁRIO da Academia Pernambucana de Letras: os de ontem, os de hoje, os de sempre. Recife: APL, 2001. 2 v.
CHACON, Vamireh. Uma academia de Pernambuco e do Nordeste. Cultura, Brasília, ano 8, n. 30, p. 85-89, jul./dez. 1978.
SUPLEMENTO CULTURAL D.O. PE, Recife, ano 15, jan. 2001. [Fascículo dedicado à APL].
how to quote this text
Source: GASPAR, Lúcia. Academia Pernambucana de Letras (APL). Pesquisa Escolar Online, Joaquim Nabuco Foundation, Recife. Available at: <http://basilio.fundaj.gov.br/pesquisaescolar>. Accessed: day month year. Exemple: 6 Aug. 2009.