According to the Dictionary of Brazilian Folklore, by Luís da Câmara Cascudo, capoeira is an athletic game of Black origin, introduced to Brazil by bantu slaves from Angola, defensive and offensive, spread throughout the country and is traditional in Recife, Salvador and Rio de Janeiro.
Mostly present in the Atlantic region of the state, known as ‘Salgado Paraense’ or ‘Salty Pará’, and in the metropolitan area of Belém, no one knows for sure where or when it appeared, although some municipalities call themselves the “cradle of carimbó”.
It is a typical dance from the beaches and started appearing on the northern coastline of Pernambuco. One of the most famous ‘cirandeiras’ (ciranda singers) is Lia de Itamaracá. It also appeared simultaneously in inland areas of the Forest Zone in the north of the State.
This dance, typical of coastal regions, is known throughout the North and Northeast of Brazil. Some researchers, however, claim that it was born in the sugarcane mills, later going to the coast.
Some academics believe the name came from a corruption of the expression for all, used by the English to invite the workers on the construction of the Northeast Brazilrailways, during the time of Great Western, to participate in the parties they had.