The mixed Carnival group A Turma da Jaqueira Segurando o Talo (literally: The Jackfruit Tree Gang Holding the Stalk) was created in 1984 by a group of drivers from the Joaquim Nabuco Foundation – Fundaj – who supported the candidacy of lawyer Manoel Cavalcanti de Albuquerque Sá Neto.
The Carnival banner is a decoratively designed and embroidered flag, normally of rectangular cloth, suspended from a horizontal crossbar called a ‘travessa’ and a vertical pole called a ‘varão’, representing allegories and symbols of the associations.
Was created in 1973, having as its intellectual and aesthetic creators Antonio José (Zoca) Madureira and journalist Marcelo Varella. It was born from a joke between friends and from a Carnival march composed by Edgard Moraes, in 1962.
The origins of this maracatu are still not completely known. Some researchers are unanimous in saying it derives from a mixture of Afro-Indigenous cultures. Others believe it is a result of popular manifestations – cambinadas, bumba-meu-boi, cavalo-marinho, coroação dos reis negros, caboclinhos...
Known to be plural and multicultural, the Carnival of Pernambuco – besides the various manifestations all over the state – stands out in the cities of Recife and Olinda.