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Manoel Arão

Date Born.:

Poet, Writer, Journalist


Manoel Arão

Article available in: PT-BR ESP

Last update: 26/01/2018

By: Virginia Barbosa - Librarian of the Fundação Joaquim Nabuco

Journalist, writer, poet, orator and novelist Manoel Arão de Oliveira Campos was born on 11 January to José Matheus Coimbra de Campos and Francisca Joaquina de Oliveira Campos in the city of Afogados da Ingazeira, in the semi-arid region of Pajeú, Pernambuco. There is controversy about the year of his birth: lexicographer Raimundo Menezes indicates 1876; his tombstone in the Cemetery of Santo Amaro, in Recife, indicates 1875; the Almanak Literário Pernambucano of 1910 and the article by Prof. Germana Maria Araújo Sales, from Ficção Brasileira magazine, indicates 1873, and the Knights of the Cross Masonic Lodge, the year 1874.

Indeed, the controversy extends to his marital status: in the records of the Pernambuco Archaeological, History and Geography Institute he was single, although the book Velhos e grandes sertanejos (Old and Great Men of the Countryside) by Luís Wilson, has the information that he was married to Palmira de Oliveira Campos.

From early age, he demonstrated literacy skills when he created the newspaper A Pátria (The Nation) at the age of at fourteen. His career as a writer began to strengthen when he left his hometown and took up residence in Recife: he studied at the Faculty of Law, joined the cultural activities, met many intellectuals and participated in the city’s literary output.

He worked at Diario de Pernambuco, where he was editor from 1893-1901, and during these and subsequent years, he founded and contributed to various periodicals of the time: A Vanguarda; Jornal do Domingo (literary supplement of Diario de Pernambuco), O Binóculo; A Lanterna Mágica; Gazeta da Tarde; Jornal do Recife, A Província, O Mattia, the newspaper Arquivo Maçônico (Masonic Archive) at the beginning of the 20th Century, and ran the daily newspaper Commercio do Recife, when he left the Diario.

Parallel to his activities as a writer, he worked as an employee of Great Western and joined the Masonic groups. He was initiated into the Knights of the Cross Masonic Lodge, on 24 June 1904, being the patron of the chair No. 13 of the Olinda Masonic Academy of Letters.

He also held the posts of secretary and president of the Pernambuco Academy of Letters, to which he was elected on 22 February 1909, and took office on 27 January 1910 to be the second occupant of the Chair Nº 2, whose patron is Friar Antonio da Santa Maria Jaboatão.

He authored several articles and poems in periodicals, in addition to published works, including:

* Notas Pessimistas (Pessimists Notes) (1894);
* Íntimos (Personal) (poems, 1898);
* Adúltera (Adulterous Woman) (romance and drama in three acts, 1898). Play performed at the Santa Isabel Theatre by an amateur company;
* Magda (novel, 1898).
* O Drama do Ódio (The Drama of Hate) (1900, in three acts), staged in a private theatre in Palmares, on 19 February 1900, by the Moreira de Vasconcellos Company; twice at the Santa Isabel Theatre; and in various locations in the countryside and other states;
* Impressões da praia (Impressions of the Beach) (novela published in the Diario de Pernambuco);
* A Maçonaria e sua missão social (Freemasonry and its Social Mission) (1907);
* Transfiguração (Transfiguration) (1908, novel that led to his election as president of Pernambuco Academy of Letters);
* Claustro (Cloister) (novel, 1913);
* A legenda e a história da maçonaria (The legend and the history of Freemasonry) (1914);
* Liturgia maçônica (Masonic Liturgy) (1915);
* A separação entre a Igreja e o Estado (The Separation of Church and State) (1915);
* Fetichismo, monoteísmo e politeísmo (Fetishism, Polytheism and Monotheism) (1915);
* O problema do ensino (The Problem of Education) (1917);
* Visão de estética (Vision of Aesthetics) (essay, 1917);
* Os Quilombos dos Palmares (The Quilombo of Palmares) (1922);
* História da Maçonaria no Brasil (History of Freemasonry in Brazil) (1927).

Manoel Arão died on 14 January 1930.

Recife, 30 January 2008.
Updated on 14 September 2009.
Translated by Peter Leamy, March 2012.

sources consulted

ACADEMIA PERNAMBUCANA DE LETRAS. Recife – Efemérides: atualizadas até junho de 2005. Recife, 2006. 2 v.

ARÃO, Manoel. O claustro. 2. ed. Apresentação e organização de Lucilo Varejão Filho. Recife: Ed. do Organizador, 2005. 376 p.  (Coleção Velhos Mestres do Romance Pernambucano; v. 3)

ARÃO, Manoel. Almanach de Pernambuco, Recife, ano 32, p. 215-216, 1930. [Foto neste texto].

MANOEL Arão. Available at: <>. Access: 28 jan. 2008.

MANOEL Arão. Available at: <>. Access: 28 jan. 2008.

DINIZ, Gastão. Manoel Arão. Almanak Litterario Pernambucano, Recife, ano 12, p. 81-85, 1910.

LEMOS, Mariano. História geral da literatura pernambucana: antologia poetas da academia (séculos XVI-XX). Recife: Academia Pernambucana de Letras, 1955. p. 239.

how to quote this text

Source: BARBOSA, Virgínia. Manoel Arão. Pesquisa Escolar Online, Joaquim Nabuco Foudation, Recife. Available at:  <>. Accessed: day month year. Exemple: 6 Aug. 2009.