Imagem card

Deodoro Theater, Maceió, AL

Had its cornerstone laid in June, 11th, 1905.

Deodoro Theater, Maceió, AL

Article available in: PT-BR ESP

Last update: 11/10/2013

By: Virginia Barbosa - Librarian of the Fundação Joaquim Nabuco

Located in the Marechal Deodoro Square (“Deodore Marshal Square”), in the downtown of Maceió, Alagoas, the Deodore Theater had its cornerstone laid in June, 11th, 1905. Having been projected by the architect Luiz Lucariny, its construction was held under the responsibility of the construction Foreman Antônio Barreiros Filho. 

In order to put up Deodoro Theater, five years were needed and its inauguration in November, 21st, 1910, was remarkable for the festivities on the 21 years of the Proclamation of the Republic. The piece chosen for this date was “O dote”, by Arthur Azevedo, and, next, the monologue A kiss - Um beijo, by  J. Brito from Alagoas, staged by the actress Lucila Peres, gaining national renown at the time. Deodore, like many other Brazilian theaters suffered with the arrival of movie theaters to Brazil, at the end of the XIX century: in 1914, it was leased to a commercial firm and transformed into a movie theater, inclusively, presenting foreign movies, a fact which caused repulsiveness on the part of the intellectuals of the time. In face of such reaction, it did not take long for it to retake its initial purpose. It was given its first remodeling in 1933, among many which it had and stayed closed up to mid-1934. The opera called Toscana - A Toscana, by the Italian Lyric Company marked the new start of its activities. It had been transformed into a storage room for three years (1937-1939). 

Having been re-incorporated to the State heritage, in 1940, it restarted its true functions. 

In 1954, there was a fire on the stage and the original stage curtain, by the work of scenographer Orestes Scercoeli was ruined. In the years of 1946, 1957 and 1975, its structure was modified and modernized, and, its public capacity was expanded. For ten years (1988-1998) it remained closed so as to be remodeled even more. This time, in order to keep up with the original architectural standards.

The Deodore Theater has 690 seats and is comprised of a spectacle room fashioned in neoclassic style, with an Italian stage, dress circles/boxes, a theatrical box, armchairs and theatrical orchestra box seats, which is movable; the ceiling is fashioned in bronze details where a fanciful chandelier is found. The lobby is also used for cultural exhibitions, and beside it, cocktail parties and shows take place. As during its construction, the Italian scenographer called Oreste Scercoeli made the noble salon’s wall painting – later on named Heckel Tavares (composer, maestro and a Brazilian restoration arranger) – and the opening scene curtain, on which the Waterfall of Paulo Afonso (Cachoeira de Paulo Afonso) was portrayed. In 1946 and 1957, the salon’s painting underwent restorations which largely affected its originality.

The noble salon has already received the Public Library (Biblioteca Pública), the City Council of Maceió and the Federal Justice, as well as official balls and feasts and/or the state’s government meetings, besides being utilized for several artistic manifestations of Alagoas.

Along a little more than a century of existence, the Deodore has received actors, theatrical companies and great renowned players in popular and erudite music. Among them, the following stand out the mostly: Italia Fausta (regarded as one of the most important names in the Brazilian theater front, of the first half of the XX century); Italian Lyric Co., Bidu Sayão (a Brazilian soprano); Amateurs Theater of Pernambuco (Teatro de Amadores de Pernambuco); Procópio Ferreira; Student Theater of Coimbra University (Teatro de Estudantes da Universidade de Coimbra); Eva Tudor Company (Companhia Eva Tudor); Rodolfo Mayer; Bibi Ferreira, Pachoal Magno, Fernanda Montenegro, Antonio Carlos and Jocafi, Caetano VelosoGal Costa, Egberto Gismonti, Arthur Moreira Lima.

Recife, 30 April 2012.

sources consulted

TEATRO Deodoro. Available at: <http://www.teatrodeodoro.al.gov.br/historia.htm>. Accessed: 26 April 2012.

TEATRO Deodoro. [Foto neste texto]. Available at: <http://maisalagoas.uol.com.br/mais.asp?id=teatrodeodoro>. Accessed: 26 . April 2012.

TEATRO Deodoro. In: REINALDO, Francisco; BARROS, Amorim de. ABC das Alagoas. Dicionário Biobibliográfico, Histórico e Geográfico de Alagoas. Brasília: Senado Federal, 2005. Tomo 2 G-Z. p. 616.

how to quote this text

Source: BARBOSA, Virgínia. Teatro Deodoro, Maceió, AL. Pesquisa Escolar Online, Joaquim Nabuco Foundation. Recife. Available at: < https://pesquisaescolar.fundaj.gov.br/en/>. Accessed: 24 February 2012.